A mammologist is a doctor who deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of breast diseases. Consultation with a mammologist is necessary for hormonal disorders, pain of varying intensity in the mammary gland, discharge from the nipples. Timely access to a mammologist will allow you to identify the disease at an early stage. Most breast diseases detected at an early stage can be completely cured.
In our center, you can use the help of experienced mammologists who are active in scientific and practical activities.
What symptoms should you contact a mammologist with?
We advise you not to postpone your visit to the doctor and make an appointment with a mammologist if the following symptoms appear:
• The shape of your breasts has changed (suddenly increased or became asymmetric).
• You have found a swelling or a small nodule on your chest.
• Your breasts have become swollen or red.
• You feel constant chest pain unrelated to the menstrual cycle.
• You have noticed unusual discharge from the nipples.
• There are wounds on the skin of the breast.
• The shape of the nipples has changed (for example, one of them is retracted).
• Axillary lymph nodes are enlarged in size.
It is necessary to visit a mammologist for hormonal disorders and gynecological diseases, breast injuries and before using oral contraceptives. When planning a pregnancy, a consultation with a mammologist is necessary. The earlier the disease is detected, the more effective the treatment will be. We recommend visiting a mammologist at least once a year.
There are so-called risk groups. If you are on this list, you should visit a mammologist as soon as possible.
The risk group includes:
• Those who are registered with an endocrinologist,
• Having a history of gynecological diseases (fibroids, endometriosis, polycystic disease),
• Who is constantly taking oral contraceptives,
• Who has the first birth after 35 years,
• Who refused to breastfeed without objective reasons,
• Whose relatives suffer from cancer.
The Center uses modern equipment for timely diagnosis and early detection of symptoms of breast diseases. During the consultation, specialists talk with the patient, conduct the necessary examinations and select the optimal course of treatment.
Consultation with a mammologist
In cases where you do not have acute symptoms, it is better to visit a mammologist between the 6th and 12th day of the menstrual cycle.
During the consultation, the mammologist will listen to your complaints. As necessary, he will study the results of previous studies. A specialist will examine your chest, assess the pain status and palpate possible seals. During the examination, the doctor examines the lymphatic, subclavian and axillary nodes, because it is in these parts of the body that breast diseases begin.
After the examination, if necessary, the doctor will prescribe treatment. To get the full picture and make the correct diagnosis, the mammologist will prescribe additional examinations.
Diagnosis of breast pathology
Mammologists use different diagnostic methods. If necessary, prescribes the following examinations:
• Ultrasound examination, which allows to identify adverse neoplasms in breast tissues in the early stages.
• Puncture biopsy — if mammography or ultrasound showed a cyst or a seal. To understand the nature of the tumor, it is necessary to conduct a biopsy — a piece of breast tissue is taken for histological examination.
• Cytological examination of the fluid released from the nipples — allows us to conclude about the presence or absence of a particular disease.
The doctor may prescribe a blood test to assess hormonal status. A large number of breast diseases depend on hormone levels. Additionally, methods such as CT, MRI, scintigraphy and ductography can be used.
What diseases does a mammologist treat?
A mammologist treats the following diseases:
• Mastitis (inflammation of the breast). It can most often appear during breastfeeding. However, the disease can be diagnosed regardless of pregnancy and childbirth.
• Monomastia (and other abnormalities in the development of the mammary glands. These can be micromastia, hypoplasia, hypomastia and other diseases).
• Mastopathy (and other diseases caused by hormonal changes. Fibrocystic formations, fibrous adenosis, gynecomastia).
• Various benign breast tumors (fibroadenoma, cystadenopapilloma, lipoma).
Modern treatment methods used at the Center make it possible to successfully treat various breast diseases. The effectiveness of treatment is associated with the timely detection of any pathology.
How do I make an appointment with a mammologist?
To make an appointment with a mammologist, call: +7 7172 57 74 40, +7 702 094 77 71