Department of urology

The Department of Urology is included in the multidisciplinary center of JSC National Scientific Medical Center. The main mission of the Department of Urology is to provide highly specialized and advanced urological care to both citizens and patients from various regions of the Republic of Kazakhstan and foreign citizens. To achieve this goal, our center uses modern and high-quality equipment that meets the most stringent international standards. The department employs experienced and highly qualified specialists who have been trained in leading clinics in Israel, Korea and Russia. The use of advanced methods of treatment of urological diseases, the use of unique developments and methods, modern equipment in the operating rooms and a comfortable environment in the Department of urology of the National Research Medical Center will provide you with a quick cure for the most serious diseases.

The Department of Urology of the NMC is designed for 15 beds. The department provides single and double rooms, all equipped with modern TVs with cable TV, and also have separate bathrooms with showers.

Symptoms for which it is necessary to consult a urologist:

  • PAIN IN the SCROTUM is an obvious symptom of problems in the genitourinary system at any age. If this symptom appears, you should contact a urologist for consultation and ultrasound examination.
  • LOWER BACK AND KIDNEY PAIN — throughout life, everyone experiences pain in the lumbar region of the back to one degree or another. However, regular pain, especially on the one hand, can be a symptom of serious diseases, including kidney disease.
  • PAIN DURING URINATION — usually caused by an inflammatory process in the urinary tract in women or the genitourinary system in men. Unpleasant sensations may be manifested by burning or itching.
  • DIFFICULTY URINATING — problems with urination require mandatory medical attention, since this symptom is a consequence of urological diseases, and there is a danger of complete closure of the urethra, which will require emergency urine diversion through a tube in the abdomen.
  • BLOOD IN THE URINE — an admixture of blood in the urine, or hematuria, is a threat and requires immediate treatment by a urologist.
  • SWELLING (ENLARGEMENT) TESTICLES — the most common cause of scrotum enlargement is varicose veins (varicocele) and hydrocele.

These diseases can occur due to congenital features or inflammatory processes that lead to edema of the venous system or accumulation of serous fluid, respectively.

  • DECREASED POTENCY — erectile dysfunction is experienced by many men, and even with serious disorders, not all go to the doctor. However, erectile dysfunction can be an independent disease or a consequence of other urological diseases.
  • FREQUENT URINATION — frequent urination, in most cases, occurs due to inflammatory or tumor processes in the genitourinary system.
  • PREMATURE EJACULATION (EJACULATION) — premature ejaculation is a sexual dysfunction that consists in the inability to control ejaculation sufficiently to obtain satisfaction from both partners from sexual intercourse.

Diseases that are treated in the urological department:

BLADDER AND URETHRA

  • URINARY INCONTINENCE — periodic or permanent involuntary leakage of urine. This disease mainly affects women over the age of 35.
  • BLADDER TUMOR (CANCER) is one of the rare malignant formations with known risk factors, such as working with aniline dyes, contact with gasoline combustion products, chronic inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bladder (cystitis), the presence of other cancers and genetic predisposition.
  • BLADDER NECK SCLEROSIS is a narrowing of the lumen of the neck of the bladder, the area bordering the urethra.
  • TREATMENT OF URETHRAL STRICTURE — Narrowing of the urethra can occur due to injuries, inflammatory or tumor processes, as well as be congenital. Without the necessary treatment, the urethral lumen can completely close, causing acute urinary retention.
  • UROLITHIASIS (KIDNEY STONES) — characterized by the formation of one or more stones in the cups and pelvis (anatomical structures of the kidney, where urine is formed).
  • URETERAL STONE is a rather dangerous condition that, in addition to pain in the lumbar region, can lead to acute kidney infection (pyelonephritis). In most cases, hospitalization of the patient is required.
  • BLADDER STONES are foreign formations in the bladder that make it difficult to urinate. They are most often formed in old age and are secondary to problems with urine outflow, such as prostate adenoma, prostate cancer, urethral structure, etc.

ORGANS OF THE SCROTUM

  • VARICOCELE is varicose veins that occur due to increased pressure in the veins forming the bunchlike (lozoidal) plexus of the testicle.
  • TESTICULAR DROPSY (HYDROCELE) is a disease in which excess serous fluid accumulates in the membranes of the testicle, leading to an increase in the scrotum.
  • CRYPTORCHIDISM (NON—OMISSION OF THE TESTICLE) - manifested by asymmetry of the scrotum, absence of a testicle on palpation and pain in the groin or abdomen. Diagnosis of cryptorchidism includes ultrasound of the scrotum, MRI, testicular scintigraphy, abdominal aortic angiography and testicular vein venography. The main method of treatment is surgical restoration of the testicle and its fixation to the scrotum.

THE PENIS

  • PEYRONIE's DISEASE is an acquired curvature of the penis that makes it difficult to have sexual intercourse. It was named in honor of the French surgeon Francois De La Peyronie, who was the first to investigate the causes of this disease in 1943.
  • CONGENITAL CURVATURE OF THE PENIS — refers to common congenital anomalies: it occurs in 5% of men.
  • FRACTURE OF THE PENIS is a rupture of the protein membrane of the organ due to a significant inflection.
  • SEAL OF THE SKIN (OLEOGRANULOMA) OF THE PENIS — seal of the skin of the penis due to subcutaneous injection of vaseline or other oily substance.
  • PHIMOSIS AND PARAPHIMOSIS — narrowing of the extremely flesh of the penis. Phimosis is a narrowing above the head, paraphimosis is a narrowing below the head.

KIDNEYS AND URETERS

  • HYDRONEPHROSIS — (hydronephrotic transformation) is a gradual atrophy of the kidney tissues due to impaired urine outflow and narrowing in the pelvic ureteral segment (the zone of transition of the kidney to the ureter).
  • A KIDNEY CYST is a benign formation, inside of which there is a light transparent liquid secreted by the cyst membranes.
  • PYELONEPHRITIS is an acute inflammatory process in the kidney and its tissues caused by a bacterial infection.

THE PROSTATE GLAND

  • PROSTATE ADENOMA. Benign enlargement of the prostate gland (BPH) or prostate adenoma is a non-dangerous enlargement of the prostate gland.
  • PROSTATITIS is an inflammatory process affecting the prostate gland. Severe circulatory disorders in the pelvic region are a problem for modern men. This condition can occur due to a sedentary lifestyle or sexually transmitted infections.

SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION

  • PROLONGED ERECTION (PRIAPISM) — Priapism is usually a painful and unusually prolonged state of erection, the duration of which exceeds 6 hours.
  • PREMATURE EJACULATION is one of the most common sexual disorders, occurring in almost 30% of men.
  • ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION is an erectile dysfunction that leads to a decrease in the hardness of the penis and negatively affects a man's sexual activity.
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